The Long Family


Century Family


Written by Esther DeAguero Welp and Diane Barnes, Jan Brannon, Carlos Long, Catheryn Valenzuela, Laurel Webb and Michael DeAguero. One in a collection by Allen Bachoroski, Local Historical Writer and author of “Tales Along the Highway of Legends”



George Horace Long was the son of Benjamin Long and Sarah Eddins who were married on December 10, 1804 in Madison County, Virginia. Both parents were descendents of early colonial families of Virginia. George Horace Long was born in Madison County, Va. in 1805. The family followed their pastor and their church to Kentucky where George was raised; and, in 1833 just prior to the westward expansion, he arrived with a pack train from Kentucky with William Sublette; and it was in the pristine beauty of Taos that George Horace Long decided to make his home; and on the 1st of January 1840, he took Juana Maria de Herrera as his bride.

George Horace Long became prominent in the official life of the prefecture of Taos. In 1840, records list his occupation as a vinatero (distiller) a tavern keeper and an American citizen and by 1846, he is referred to as a naturalized Mexican citizen. In 1847 two American soldiers visited him with information that the American forces were coming to invade the Territory. He informed his friend, Governor Charles Bent of the information. As history has shown, within a few weeks Governor Charles Bent was beheaded and many American and Spanish citizens who had befriended the Americans were killed by an angry mob protesting American rule. According to Long family tradition, George Horace Long hid in a horno (outdoor oven) during the killing. After the rebellion George Horace Long was one of the Taos citizens who was on the Grand Jury trying those charged with crimes during the uprising. After the insurrection George Horace Long purchased Simeon Turley’s Mill in Taos and remained there until the move to Long’s Canyon above the present Trinidad Lake.

About the first of April of 1861, George Horace Long and his wife, Juana Maria deHerrera and their children along with an entourage of several families from Taos (Aragon, Arguello, Bent, Garcia, Labbe, LaCroix [LaCrue], Mitotes, Moguez [Teofilo Moguez, a sixteen year old boy was also a godson to George Long] Montoya, Ocana, Sanchez, Suazo, Tafoya, Trujillo, Valdez and Vigil), came to the Valley of the Purgatorie and settled six miles above Trinidad at the mouth of what became known as Longs Canyon at Longsdale.

George Horace Long was physically and mentally active during his lifetime; it is not surprising that he was influential in the political life of Las Animas County and in 1866 became the first Probate Judge of that county. And in 1874 George Horace Long, his son-in-law, George W. Thompson and Daniel Taylor incorporated the Trinidad and San Juan Wagon Road Company.

George Horace Long was an adventurer during his lifetime; he bridged two cultures by becoming a Mexican citizen during Mexican rule and establishing a home and family with Juana Maria. He was fluent in Spanish and it is evident he was at home in both cultures. When New Mexico became a territory in 1850, he again aligned himself with his country of birth and became active with the new government. He was born in the beautiful countryside of Virginia and raised in Kentucky. He lived during an exciting and turbulent time in Taos and upon his move to Trinidad he lived continuously on his ranch at the Mouth of Long’s Canyon until his death. That occurred March 28, 1876, in the beautiful mountains around Trinidad, among his family and friends. It is not known when Juana Maria died.

Their eleven children were: (1) Julian Sostemos, (2) Carlos, (3) Maria Guadalupe who married Alfredo Bent, son of Gov. Charles Bent and later married George W. Thompson. (4) Jorge Long married Maria Martin in 1866, Agapita Fernandez in 1873, Mollie Thompson Walden in 1883 and Louisita in 1908. (5) Jose Emanuel de la Luz who married Maria Crcencia Martinez, (6) Maria Serafina who married Jose Merced Simpson of Trinidads George Simpson, (7) Maria Benseibel, (8) Abel, (9) Benito who married Margarita Ritz, (10) Ambrocio and (11) Maria Rebecca who became Sr. Mary Cornelia, SC.

The Long family has been a part of Trinidad and surrounding areas since 1861. To this day, descendents of George Horace Long and Juana Maria deHerrera still live in Trinidad. One would be his great-grand grandson, Carlos Arthur Long, who is descended from Jose Emanuel de la Luz Long, the son of George and Juana Maria Long and Maria Crescencia Martinez [the daughter of Jose Leonides Martin (b. 8 Aug 1840, in Taos; d. 8 Jan 1860 in Taos, Territory of NM and Maria de la Luz Trujillo (Galvez)]; b. 4 February 1846 in Taos; d. unk.). Other descendents live throughout Colorado and in Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Washington and Canada, and Budapest, Hungary.

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